Melissa A. Milkie is Professor & Graduate Chair of Sociology at the University of Toronto, and President of the Work-Family Researchers Network. An author of the award-winning Changing Rhythms of American Family Life, her research centers on links among gender, work-family strains and well-being. With a unique focus on time and gendered culture, she identifies social forces linked to mothering and fathering across era and region. Current projects include analyzing paradoxes of parents’ time use; trends, ethnic variations, and cross-cultural patterns of parents’ paid and unpaid labor and leisure time; multi-level buffers of work-life conflicts, and parental strains among Syrian refugee mothers. Her research has been supported by SSHRC-Canada and the U.S.-NIH.