Gordon Cleveland is Associate Professor Emeritus of Economics at the University of Toronto Scarborough. He studies early learning and child care policies and their impacts on children and families. He has written extensively about these subjects in academic and popular journals, books and magazines. He has recently been a member of the Expert Panel of Early Learning and Child Care Data and Research. In 2018, he was the main author of a widely acclaimed report to the Ontario Ministry of Education that recommended the provision of free child care services to children of preschool age as the next step to improve affordability of early education and care. He comments frequently on public policy issues in relation to early learning and child care.